Realistic direction

Realistic direction it is derived from the premises of materialist philosophy, proclaiming the objective existence of the world, and from the theory of historical materialism (Marks, Engels) formulating the objective laws of historical development and requiring the individual to actively participate in social life.

Subject …

REALISTIC SCULPTURE

REALISTIC SCULPTURE.

In sculpture, the spiritual brother of Gustave Courbet, the creator of the Stonecutters, was a Belgian, CONSTANTINE MEUNIER (1831—1905). Like many sculptors of this era, Meunier could not forget the great and still living examples of classical sculpture, of her statues full of dignity and peace. …

REALISM IN POLAND

REALISM IN POLAND.

In Poland, the intensive development of realistic painting took place in the second half of the 19th century. Landscapes and genre scenes predominate (from village life), observed more and more carefully and reproduced more and more carefully.

The creativity of the Barbizonians -reflected vividly in the • works …

REALISM IN EUROPE

REALISM IN EUROPE.

By introducing the worker and the peasant into the subject of fine arts, realism brings progress, and even revolutionary content. In the art of the second half of the 19th century,. he embraces painting, both Polish, like French and German, and in tsarist Russia he storms the unconquered - …

Other Polish historical painters

Other Polish historical painters.

The Warsaw painter devoted a large part of his work to historical themes JOSEPH SIMMLER (1825—1868), at the same time an excellent portraitist. His first paintings, like for example. romantic and idyllic Farewell of Wacław and Maria, they do not announce later, great works by the artist, which are included …

POLISH HISTORICAL PAINTING

POLISH HISTORICAL PAINTING

Patriotism as a characteristic feature of Polish historical painting.

A specific kind of realism, for the painterly interpretation of historical events, brings Polish painting. Interest in historical topics, manifestations of which we already found in the art of the Age of Enlightenment, and then in the period of Romanticism, lasts in Poland …

Realism – definition and means of expression

Realism – definition and means of expression.

The development of realism, as a specific method of reflecting the phenomena of the surrounding world in a work of art, generally falls into the second half of the 19th century. At the source of the realistic concept of art is the rationalism of the Enlightenment era, which advocates exploring the world through the road …