Two phases of classicism.
Generally speaking, classical art is a complete contradiction of the baroque dynamics of form, line contrasts, colors and chiaroscuro. Its features are harmony, land, seriousness, calmness and a certain severity.
In the earlier phase, classicism is still close to rococo art in its refined elegance, sophistication and subtlety. In the second phase (so-called. neoclassicism), for the first thirty years of the century. XIX, the following features stand out in accordance with the idea of imitating antiquity: harmony and tranquility in architecture, fluid in sculpture and painting, gentle outline, moreover, in painting, resignation from the use of color and idealization instead of showing individual features. Artists do not shy away from imitating nature, and even express nature in an expressive way. Don't forget, that Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a great worshiper of nature and feelings (1712—1778), and the leading rationalist Denis Diderot (1713—1784) he regarded as the ideal of art "man's ability to express himself and a fresh look at reality".