What is romanticism?
Romanticism is an artistic current, which in the literature, music and visual arts appears as a reaction against classicism at the end of the eighteenth century. and lasts until the middle of the 19th century. Romanticism, unlike classicism, is an ideologically engaged trend, actively responding to political events: growing class contradictions and class struggle, the protest of the people against the absolute power allied with capital and the national liberation struggle of countries deprived of their independence.
The Romantic artist seeks, above all, expression for his own, personal feelings, it causes inspiration, rejecting the canons and rules of aesthetics that constrain creativity. In the visual arts, Romanticism was most fully expressed in painting; sculpture, on the other hand, did not completely free itself from the influence of classicism; similarly, architecture has not created its own forms. Romantic painting takes its theme from current events, from the current issue. Classic order, composure, harmony gives way to a turbulent and dynamic composition. Without renouncing chiaroscuro, painters use color more boldly. Concern for conveying one's own feelings to the recipient becomes the main goal of the creator.