NEOGOTHIC AND ECLECTISM

NEOGOTHIC AND ECLECTISM.

In architecture, classicism was the last style with its own artistic expression in the 19th century. Architects, creators of classicist buildings, although they imitated ancient patterns, they did it with full respect for the properties of the material and understanding the ancient logic of construction. It allowed them …

Realistic direction

Realistic direction it is derived from the premises of materialist philosophy, proclaiming the objective existence of the world, and from the theory of historical materialism (Marks, Engels) formulating the objective laws of historical development and requiring the individual to actively participate in social life.

The themes of realistic works are enriched by …

REALISTIC SCULPTURE

REALISTIC SCULPTURE.

In sculpture, the spiritual brother of Gustave Courbet, the creator of the Stonecutters, was a Belgian, CONSTANTINE MEUNIER (1831—1905). Like many sculptors of this era, Meunier could not forget the great and still living examples of classical sculpture, of her statues full of dignity and peace. …

REALISM IN POLAND

REALISM IN POLAND.

In Poland, the intensive development of realistic painting took place in the second half of the 19th century. Landscapes and genre scenes predominate (from village life), observed more and more carefully and reproduced more and more carefully.

The creativity of the Barbizonians -reflected vividly in the • works …